Endodontic care involves either preserving part, or all of the healthy dental pulp in health, or removing all of the pulp in irreversible disease. This includes teeth with irreversibly inflamed and infected pulpal tissue.
Endodontic treatment is one of the most common procedures. If the dental pulp (containing nerves, arterioles, venules, lymphatic tissue, and fibrous tissue), becomes diseased or injured, endodontic treatment is required to save the tooth.
Procedures in endodontic care includes:
Root canal treatment: the main purpose is to remove the diseased pulp, clean and shape the root canal system, disinfect the contaminated root canals and then obdurate(fill) the root canal system to prevent re-infection and promote periradicular healing.
Apicoectomy: also called root end surgery is an endodontic surgical procedure whereby a tooth’s root tip is removed and a root end cavity is prepared and filled with a biocompatible material. An apicoectomy is necessary when conventional root canal therapy has failed and a re-treatment was already unsuccessful or is not advised.
Microsurgical endodontics: dental surgery using a microscope- may be performed. State of the art procedures make use of microsurgical techniques, such as a dental operating microscope, micro-instruments, ultrasonic preparation tips and calcium silicate based filling materials.