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Teeth

Why is it important to rectify the crowding of teeth for good Dental Hygiene?

That’s a lucky tooth! Well, not exactly. You could have teeth crowding or malocclusion.

Read on to learn more about crowding of teeth and why is it important to rectify this condition.

Crooked teeth, misaligned teeth, crowding or gaps between teeth call for an orthodontic procedure. Orthodontics is a specialty under dentistry that addresses ill-positioned teeth. The ill-positioned teeth and jaws, lead to misaligned bite patterns in teeth, which is a common problem amongst many children, teenagers, and adults.

The imperfect positioning of the teeth when the jaws are closed is termed as ‘Malocclusion’. This condition does not only affect the shape of the face but also the appearance of teeth. It also impacts ease of eating, speech, and oral hygiene. There are several reasons that one can have orthodontic issues, all such issues can be addressed and treated with the right procedures from an orthodontist.

Let’s look at what is crowding of teeth and why it is important for your dental hygiene to have your teeth fixed.

Teeth Crowding

Crowding is the insufficient space for all teeth to fit properly into the jaws. The teeth may be angled or displaced. As a consequence, people with this condition of malocclusion (misalignment) have crooked teeth that overlap each other.

Overcrowding can be mild, moderate, or extreme, depending on the size of the patient’s jaw and how many teeth they have:

  • Mild Crowding — Slight dental crowding occurs as one the front tooth in the upper or lower jaw is partially twisted
  • Moderate Crowding — significant dental crowding is when two or three front teeth converge in the upper or lower jaw
  • Severe Crowding — Severe dental crowding is wherein most of the front teeth converge in the upper or lower jaw

If the tooth-to-jaw size is not in the right ratio, or when the teeth are wider and larger than the space available for their growth, crowding occurs.  Usually, crowding is caused by early loss of milk tooth, improper eruption of teeth, or a genetic mismatch between jaw and tooth size.

When a tooth is trapped under the gums and is blocked by other teeth, it is referred to as an ‘impacted tooth’. A lot of people believe this can cause dental crowding. The type of treatment depends on the age of the patient and whether the dental crowding is mild, moderate or extreme. Popular teeth straightening options for crooked teeth include:

Dental braces are the most popular treatment options for overcrowding, particularly in children. People get braces for both aesthetic and practical purposes (not only to fix their smiles, but also to reshape their jaws). There are a few different types of braces to choose from, including conventional metal braces and clear braces. A patient has to visit their orthodontist/dentist every four to eight weeks until the braces are removed. They are left on for twelve months to two years.

Clear teeth-aligners, such as invisalign are another alternative to fixed braces. They are used for straightening not just crowded teeth, but other forms of misalignment as well. Fixed braces can be ugly and odd, causing low self-esteem amongst younger children/Adults. Clear aligners are a good alternative for the fixed braces. The entire treatment comprises clear aligners which must be replaced every 2-3 weeks. During this duration, the patient wears the aligners for about 22hrs a day and for roughly 25-30 weeks to correct even a mild misalignment.

Extreme dental crowding may require dentofacial orthopedics. Orthopedics focuses on guiding facial bone growth and aligning teeth properly in the process.

Crowding should be corrected because it can:

  • Make it much more difficult to properly clean all the surfaces of your teeth
  • Increase the chances of dental decay (because of inadequate cleaning)
  • Increase the chances of gum disease (because of inadequate cleaning)

In addition, straight teeth improve an individuals’ appearance and self-esteem, they also have oral health benefits. For example, straight teeth are easier to clean, brush, and floss between, leading to good oral hygiene. Thus, you are less likely to develop cavities and other oral infections.

The chances of developing tooth decay and gum disease are higher when an individual has moderate to severe teeth crowding. This is because teeth that overlap are more difficult to clean daily. Poor oral hygiene can also lead to general health complications over time, such as a weakened immune system and heart disease (rare). Correcting crowding can help avoid tooth decay and periodontal disease by enhancing the ability to remove plaque from the teeth.

Book an appointment with our expert orthodontic to check whether you have moderate or mild teeth crowding and how our experts can help you in achieving good dental hygiene.

Learn more about braces and orthodontic corrections

For any questions, call us at +91-9141160212

 

Dental Teeth

3 Factors That Affect Your Root Canal Treatments’ Longevity

The Success of a Root Canal treatment (RCT) depends on many factors but the result is crucially dependent on the elimination of root canal infection present before starting the treatment, and the prevention of contamination during treatment.  A successful root canal procedure must be performed with great precision and effective sealing of the roots should be fulfilled.

The longevity of the root canal treatment varies on multiple factors.

Firstly the diagnosis of the root canal problem should be error-free and the root canal procedure should be carried out with much care. Having said that the root canal procedure is conducted on an infected tooth, and is only is fair to say that this tooth is weaker than the rest of the healthy teeth.

One has to understand that to perform the RCT procedure, the endodontic specialist has to drill a hole into the crown of the decayed, infected tooth to clean the pulp. After space is cleaned and shaped, filling the root canal is very crucial. Filling of the root canal is done by using a rubber compound called gutta-percha to protect the teeth from micro-organisms. A temporary filling or crown is used to close the access hole on the crown of the operated tooth. Normally these filling or crowns are made of silver amalgam or composite resins.

Second factor that contributes towards the longevity of the RCT is the care after the root canal sittings. The fitting crown/cap on top of the root canal treated tooth is a must. Many patients neglect the importance of having the root canalled tooth fitted with a cap, since the pain has subsided. The RCT filled tooth, without the crown has a high risk of fracture, which can be avoided by the fitting of Crown/cap.

Once the RCT is completed, the after-care is extremely important in determining the life-span of the treatment. Proper care of the affected tooth (in addition to the other teeth) includes brushing, flossing, right diet, and regular visits to the dentist are very important. Avoiding bad habits like chewing your nails or opening plastic packages with your teeth will also help your crown last longer.

In short, the 3 major considerations to determine the endurance of your RCT starts with the diagnosis. A cautious care for the tooth undergoing the treatment is important, and is the second consideration. Once the treatment is completed, the after-care of the RCT is imperative! With these three steps on mind, unquestionably a tooth or teeth with well-treated root canal fillings and restorations will last for many years, if not a lifetime.

Book an appointment with our RCT experts today! Ensure the first step of your RCT is well-taken care of. Our team of endodontists ensure that you are well-aware of the RCT regime. We are with you along all steps of your Root Canal Treatment and ensure you have a complete after-care support.

Consult a RCT specialist to get your root canal treatment procedure for better oral health.

Call Us at +91-9141160212

Dental Health Uncategorized

Wisdom Tooth Management

Overview 

Wisdom teeth are basically your last tooth or third molar located at the back of your mouth. These teeth can credit to the mouth when healthy and properly aligned, but more often, they are malaligned and don’t have room to grow properly and end up creating problems for your other teeth and require removal

Age of wisdom teeth eruption

They usually erupt into the mouth between 17 and 25 years of age. They can, however, erupt many years later.

 

Symptoms of wisdom teeth growing In

  1. Pain or bleeding gums.
  2. Red or swollen gums.
  3. Jaw pain or swelling.
  4. Bad breath or an unpleasant taste in the mouth.
  5. Difficulty opening the mouth
  6. Pain in-front of ears

 

Reasons for wisdom tooth extraction

Since wisdom teeth are the last tooth to enter your mouth, most often they grow at various angles, sometimes horizontally/Obliquely. So there will be no room for the wisdom tooth to come up, as the other adult teeth have already developed.

  • Pericoronitis: It is an inflammation of the gum tissue surrounding the partially erupted tooth. Pericoronitis usually affects the wisdom tooth, where gum tissue covering the partially erupted teeth is infected by the food entrapment.

 

  • They’re impacted. Because they are so far back in your mouth, they cannot come into the mouth normally. They can be trapped in your jawbone or gums and sometimes they impinge on the nerve below them causing pain. A wisdom tooth that doesn’t erupt can lead to the development of a cyst which can damage bone and gum tissue or even if they erupt, they can cause pressure on the tooth in front of them resulting in crowding of a front tooth. 
  • They come in at the wrong angle. Reduced space may cause wisdom teeth to come through at an angle. They may press against your other teeth causing root resorption of the adjacent tooth leading to pain. 
  • High risk of decay – Wisdom teeth is difficult to reach from brush to clean. Thus harbour bacteria to grow resulting in decay (involving wisdom tooth and sometimes adjacent tooth)
  • Can complicate with orthodontic treatments to straighten other teeth.

 

The right time for extraction

The sensation of a tooth pushing through the gums can be painful. When there is space for the wisdom tooth to arrive, the pain will reside on its own after the complete eruption of the tooth. But if the pain persists or swelling, pus discharge is noticed contact your dentist.

 

Procedure

If a wisdom tooth is cavitated and completely erupted into your mouth, it can be grasped by extraction forceps, the tooth can be removed in a conservative approach. But if the tooth is impacted that is causing pain or other dental problems are usually surgically removed. 

Extraction is almost always done as an outpatient procedure, so you will go home the same day. The process includes:

  • Sedation or anaesthesia. You may have local anaesthesia, which numbs your mouth on the operating side only. Sedation anaesthesia doesn’t make you unconscious, it is given to relieve pain during the procedure. 
  • Tooth removal. During an extraction, your dentist or oral surgeon makes an incision/cut in your gums and removes any bone that blocks access to the impacted tooth root. After removing the tooth, the dentist or oral surgeon typically closes the wound with stitches and packs the empty space (socket) with gauze.

Procedure impact

Since local anaesthesia is given during the procedure, you will not feel the pain while extracting the tooth. You are advised to have prescribed antibiotics and painkillers given by the dentist to be taken after the extraction before the power of anaesthesia wears off. 

After tooth extraction

It is normal that wisdom tooth extractions may cause some pain and bleed even swelling of the site or jaw. Temporarily, some people have trouble opening their mouth wide due to swelling of the jaw muscles. You will be advised to follow instructions namely taking pain medication and using cold compresses to reduce swelling to care for wounds and managing pain and swelling.

Non-extraction teeth impacts

Wisdom teeth can be retained as long as teeth asymptomatic (pain-free). But as and when the pain persists for a longer duration or cavity has begun, always better to get the tooth removed. 

 

Care for a wisdom tooth that has already there in the mouth

It is crucial to maintain oral hygiene area near the wisdom tooth as it is difficult to reach from the toothbrush. Brush your teeth daily and make sure your brush reaching the last tooth. Visit your dentist once in six months to make sure all your teeth are healthy.

Dental Implants

Dental Implants

Considering dental implants

Dental implants offer a welcome alternative to dentures or bridge

Dental implants as a tooth replacement

Teeth are present in sockets of jaw bone. When tooth is removed, the surrounding bone collapses towards the pocket result in decrease in width and height of bone and wears away over the time. A dental implant is the top choice for a tooth replacement . Like a healthy tooth, it absorbs and transmits forces to the surrounding tissues, thus maintaining bone levels.

 

Why dental implants are so popular?

Dental implant is one of the greatest inventions in dentistry in recent years. They became popular as they provide natural look and comfortable fit. Long lasting and reliable. High success rate. Especially young aspirants to replace missing natural tooth with implants significantly increased over the years.

How do implants work?

Dental implant is an artificial tooth root made of titanium which is surgically placed into your jaw bone. They aid in placing the artificial crown/ tooth. Implant fuses with the jaw bone, providing stable support for the artificial tooth.

What happens during implant procedure?

Dental implant is usually done in two stages over a few months with healing between stages
It involves: