Root Canal Treatment and Endodontics

What is Root Canal Treatment?

The root canal treatment is a solution for restoring and preserving a severely injured or contaminated tooth instead of cutting it. The tooth is formed of crown and roots. The root canal of a tooth contains the crown which is above the gum, while the roots are below the gum. The roots hold the tooth to the jawbone.

The pulp is inside the crown and the root, is a root canal. The pulp nourishes the tooth and keeps the underlying tissues moist. The nerves in the pulp experience heat and cold as pain.

 A root canal is not a treatment but is called ‘endodontic therapy’.

What are the steps in a root canal?

Root canal therapy is performed in stages and takes anywhere from one to three sessions.

  • The first stage is having the area ready

The dentist must clean the contaminated pulp and fill the canals. The dentist would numb the area first. The numbing fluid is inserted into the gums and the base of the tooth. The dentist puts a dental dam in the mouth after the area has been numbed by covering the majority of the teeth in the mouth, which requires a root canal is isolated.

  • The second stage is to fill substance

The tooth is then filled with a rubber-like substance ‘gutta-percha’ and the canals are completely sealed with adhesive cement. Once the Root canal therapy is done, the nerve tissue is completely extracted and infection is removed in such a way, patient will no longer experience the discomfort.

  • The Third stage is to add a fabricated crown that matches existing teeth

In this last stage, endodontics will advise the patients for the fabricated crown as it protects and stabilizes the treated tooth by covering it. The permanent crown is made to look like natural teeth. Once put, patients can chew hard foods and feel no longer pain.

The most common alternatives to root canals are:

  • Zirconia implants
  • Ceramic bridges
  • Dental crowns 

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